CI/CD techniques with Git and Databricks Git folders (Repos)

Learn techniques for using Databricks Git folders in CI/CD workflows. Configuring Databricks Git folders in the workspace provides source control for project files in Git repositories.

The following figure shows an overview of the techniques and workflow.

Overview of CI/CD techniques for Git folders.

For an overview of CI/CD with Databricks, see What is CI/CD on Databricks?.

Development flow

Databricks Git folders have user-level folders. User-level folders are automatically created when users first clone a remote repository. You can think of Databricks Git folders in user folders as “local checkouts” that are individual for each user and where users make changes to their code.

In your user folder in Databricks Git folders, clone your remote repository. A best practice is to create a new feature branch or select a previously created branch for your work, instead of directly committing and pushing changes to the main branch. You can make changes, commit, and push changes in that branch. When you are ready to merge your code, you can do so in the Git folders UI.

Requirements

This workflow requires that you have already set up your Git integration.

Note

Databricks recommends that each developer works on their own feature branch. For information about how to resolve merge conflicts, see Resolve merge conflicts.

Collaborate in Git folders

The following workflow uses a branch called feature-b that is based on the main branch.

  1. Clone your existing Git repository to your Databricks workspace.

  2. Use the Git folders UI to create a feature branch from the main branch. This example uses a single feature branch feature-b for simplicity. You can create and use multiple feature branches to do your work.

  3. Make your modifications to Databricks notebooks and other files in the repo.

  4. Commit and push your changes to your Git provider.

  5. Contributors can now clone the Git repository into their own user folder.

    1. Working on a new branch, a coworker makes changes to the notebooks and other files in the Git folder.

    2. The contributor commits and pushes their changes to the Git provider.

  6. To merge changes from other branches or rebase the feature-b branch in Databricks, in the Git folders UI use one of the following workflows:

  7. When you are ready to merge your work to the remote Git repository and main branch, use the Git folders UI to merge the changes from feature-b. If you prefer, you can instead merge changes directly to the Git repository backing your Git folder.

Production job workflow

Databricks Git folders provides two options for running your production jobs:

  • Option 1: Provide a remote Git reference in the job definition. For example, run a specific notebook in the main branch of a Git repository.

  • Option 2: Set up a production Git repository and call Repos APIs to update it programmatically. Run jobs against the Databricks Git folder that clones this remote repository. The Repos API call should be the first task in the job.

Option 1: Run jobs using notebooks in a remote repository

Simplify the job definition process and keep a single source of truth by running a Databricks job using notebooks located in a remote Git repository. This Git reference can be a Git commit, tag, or branch and is provided by you in the job definition.

This helps prevent unintentional changes to your production job, such as when a user makes local edits in a production repository or switches branches. It also automates the CD step as you do not need to create a separate production Git folder in Databricks, manage permissions for it, and keep it updated.

See Use version-controlled source code in a Databricks job.

Option 2: Set up a production Git folder and Git automation

In this option, you set up a production Git folder and automation to update the Git folder on merge.

Step 1: Set up top-level folders

The admin creates non-user top-level folders. The most common use case for these top-level folders is to create development, staging, and production folders that contain Databricks Git folders for the appropriate versions or branches for development, staging, and production. For example, if your company uses the main branch for production, the “production” Git folder must have the main branch checked out in it.

Typically permissions on these top-level folders are read-only for all non-admin users within the workspace. For such top-level folders we recommend you only provide service principal(s) with CAN EDIT and CAN MANAGE permissions to avoid accidental edits to your production code by workspace users.

Top-level Git folders.

Step 2: Set up automated updates to Databricks Git folders with the Git folders API

To keep a Git folder in Databricks at the latest version, you can set up Git automation to call the Repos API. In your Git provider, set up automation that, after every successful merge of a PR into the main branch, calls the Repos API endpoint on the appropriate Git folder to update it to the latest version.

For example, on GitHub this can be achieved with GitHub Actions. For more information, see the Repos API.

To call any Databricks REST API from within a Databricks notebook cell, first install the Databricks SDK with %pip install databricks-sdk --upgrade (for the latest Databricks REST APIs) and then import ApiClient from databricks.sdk.core.

Note

If %pip install databricks-sdk --upgrade returns an error that “The package could not be found”, then the databricks-sdk package has not been previously installed. Re-run the command without the --upgrade flag: %pip install databricks-sdk.

You can also run Databricks SDK APIs from a notebook to retrieve the service principals for your workspace. Here’s an example using Python and the Databricks SDK for Python.

You can also use tools such as curl, Postman, or Terraform. You cannot use the Databricks user interface.

To learn more about service principals on Databricks, see Manage service principals. For information about service principals and CI/CD, see Service principals for CI/CD. For more details on using the Databricks SDK from a notebook, read Use the Databricks SDK for Python from within a Databricks notebook.

Terraform integration

You can also manage Databricks Git folders in a fully automated setup using Terraform and databricks_repo:

resource "databricks_repo" "this" {
  url = "https://github.com/user/demo.git"
}

To use Terraform to add Git credentials to a service principal, add the following configuration:

  provider "databricks" {
    # Configuration options
  }

  provider "databricks" {
    alias = "sp"
    host = "https://....cloud.databricks.com"
    token = databricks_obo_token.this.token_value
  }

  resource "databricks_service_principal" "sp" {
    display_name = "service_principal_name_here"
  }

  resource "databricks_obo_token" "this" {
    application_id   = databricks_service_principal.sp.application_id
    comment          = "PAT on behalf of ${databricks_service_principal.sp.display_name}"
    lifetime_seconds = 3600
  }

  resource "databricks_git_credential" "sp" {
    provider = databricks.sp
    depends_on = [databricks_obo_token.this]
    git_username          = "myuser"
    git_provider          = "azureDevOpsServices"
    personal_access_token = "sometoken"
  }

Configure an automated CI/CD pipeline with Databricks Git folders

Here is a simple automation that can be run as a GitHub Action.

Requirements

  1. You have created a Git folder in a Databricks workspace that is tracking the base branch being merged into.

  2. You have a Python package that creates the artifacts to place into a DBFS location. Your code must:

    • Update the repository associated with your preferred branch (such as development) to contain the latest versions of your notebooks.

    • Build any artifacts and copy them to the library path.

    • Replace the last versions of build artifacts to avoid having to manually update artifact versions in your job.

Steps

Note

Step 1 must be performed by an admin of the Git repository.

  1. Set up secrets so your code can access the Databricks workspace. Add the following secrets to the Github repository:

  2. Navigate to the Actions tab of your Git repository and click the New workflow button. At the top of the page, select Set up a workflow yourself and paste in this script:

    The "set up a workflow yourself" link in the GitHub Actions UI
    # This is a basic automation workflow to help you get started with GitHub Actions.
    
    name: CI
    
      # Controls when the workflow will run
      on:
        # Triggers the workflow on push for main and dev branch
        push:
          branches:
            # Set your base branch name here
            - your-base-branch-name
    
      # A workflow run is made up of one or more jobs that can run sequentially or in parallel
      jobs:
        # This workflow contains a single job called "deploy"
        deploy:
          # The type of runner that the job will run on
          runs-on: ubuntu-latest
          env:
            DBFS_LIB_PATH: dbfs:/path/to/libraries/
            REPO_PATH: /Repos/path/here
            LATEST_WHEEL_NAME: latest_wheel_name.whl
    
          # Steps represent a sequence of tasks that will be executed as part of the job
          steps:
          # Checks-out your repository under $GITHUB_WORKSPACE, so your job can access it
          - uses: actions/checkout@v2
    
          - name: Setup Python
            uses: actions/setup-python@v2
            with:
            # Version range or exact version of a Python version to use, using SemVer's version range syntax.
              python-version: 3.8
    
          - name: Install mods
            run: |
              pip install databricks-cli
              pip install pytest setuptools wheel
    
          - name: Configure CLI
            run: |
              echo "${{ secrets.DEPLOYMENT_TARGET_URL }} ${{ secrets.DEPLOYMENT_TARGET_TOKEN }}" | databricks configure --token
    
          - name: Extract branch name
            shell: bash
            run: echo "##[set-output name=branch;]$(echo ${GITHUB_REF#refs/heads/})"
            id: extract_branch
    
          - name: Update Databricks Git folder
            run: |
              databricks repos update --path ${{env.REPO_PATH}} --branch "${{ steps.extract_branch.outputs.branch }}"
    
          - name: Build Wheel and send to Databricks workspace DBFS location
            run: |
              cd $GITHUB_WORKSPACE
              python setup.py bdist_wheel
              dbfs cp --overwrite ./dist/* ${{env.DBFS_LIB_PATH}}
              # there is only one wheel file; this line copies it with the original version number in file name and overwrites if that version of wheel exists; it does not affect the other files in the path
              dbfs cp --overwrite ./dist/* ${{env.DBFS_LIB_PATH}}${{env.LATEST_WHEEL_NAME}} # this line copies the wheel file and overwrites the latest version with it
    
  3. Update the following environment variable values with your own:

    • DBFS_LIB_PATH: The path in DBFS to the libraries (wheels) you will use in this automation, which starts with dbfs:. For example,dbfs:/mnt/myproject/libraries.

    • REPO_PATH: The path in your Databricks workspace to the Git folder where notebooks will be updated. For example, /Repos/Develop.

    • LATEST_WHEEL_NAME: The name of the last-compiled Python wheel file (.whl). This is used to avoid manually updating wheel versions in your Databricks jobs. For example, your_wheel-latest-py3-none-any.whl.

  4. Select Commit changes… to commit the script as a GitHub Actions workflow. Once the pull request for this workflow is merged, go to the Actions tab of the Git repository and confirm the actions are successful.